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Sleep and Breathing

Help for preparing the word.doc file for submission.

Page 1: Title Page

The title page should include:

Title of Paper

Names(s) of all authors


Details of corresponding author-Full name, Affiliation, Full postal address, E-Mail/Fax details

Conflict of Interest

Presentation at a conference

Clinical Trial Registration number if required

Number the page-Title page will be page#1

Page 2: Abstract

A structured abstract is required between 150-250 words to be divided into the following headings:






Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes

Page 3: Introduction.

The Introduction should state the purpose of the investigation and give a short review

of the pertinent literature (max. one printed page).

Materials and methods

The Materials and methods section should follow the Introduction and should

provide enough information to permit repetition of the experimental work.

For particular chemicals or equipment, the name and location of the supplier should be given in parentheses.


The Results section should describe the outcome of the study. Data should be presented as

concisely as possible, if appropriate in the form of tables or figures, although very large tables should be avoided.


The Discussion should be an interpretation of the results and their significance with reference to

work by other authors.


These should be as brief as possible. Any grant that requires acknowledgement should be mentioned. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.


The references should be listed in the order they appear.



Reference citations in the text should be identified by numbers in square brackets. Some examples:

1. Negotiation research spans many disciplines [3].

2. This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman [5].

3. This effect has been widely studied [1-3, 7].

Reference list

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.

The entries in the list should be numbered consecutively.

    • Journal article

Gamelin FX, Baquet G, Berthoin S, Thevenet D, Nourry C, Nottin S, Bosquet L (2009) Effect of high intensity intermittent training on heart rate variability in prepubescent children. Eur J Appl Physiol 105:731-738. doi: 10.1007/s00421-008-0955-8

Ideally, the names of all authors should be provided, but the usage of “et al” in long author lists will also be accepted:

Smith J, Jones M Jr, Houghton L et al (1999) Future of health insurance. N Engl J Med 965:325–329

    • Article by DOI

Slifka MK, Whitton JL (2000) Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med. doi:10.1007/s001090000086

    • Book

South J, Blass B (2001) The future of modern genomics. Blackwell, London

    • Book chapter

Brown B, Aaron M (2001) The politics of nature. In: Smith J (ed) The rise of modern genomics, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York, pp 230-257

    • Online document

Cartwright J (2007) Big stars have weather too. IOP Publishing PhysicsWeb. http://physicsweb.org/articles/news/11/6/16/1. Accessed 26 June 2007

    • Dissertation

Trent JW (1975) Experimental acute renal failure. Dissertation, University of California

Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see

For authors using EndNote, Springer provides an output style that supports the formatting of in-text citations and reference list.

Authors preparing their manuscript in LaTeX can use the bibtex file spbasic.bst which is included in Springer’s LaTeX macro package.


Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see


There are software programmes available which can help in formatting the references (see guidelines section).

The complete and updated instructions for the journal can be found on the following web site:

Sleep and Breathing: http://www.springer.com


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